Basal Cell Carcinoma

Sunday, April 27th 2014. | Cancer

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma (also known as basalioma, rodent, and BCC). Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer in humans and is particularly prevalent in the New Zealand and Australia . Luckily, this form of skin cancer is very rarely a threat to life.

Types of basal cell carcinoma :

Nodular BCC

  1. Blood vessels cross its surface
  2. May have a central ulcer so its edges appear rolled
  3. Most common type on the face
  4. Often bleeds spontaneously then seem to heal over
  5. Small, shiny, skin coloured or pinkish lump
  6. Rodent ulcer is an open sore
  7. Cystic BCC is soft, with jelly-like contents
  8. Micronodular and microcystic types may infiltrate deeply

Superficial BCC

  1. Pink or red scaly irregular plaques
  2. Slowly grow over months or years
  3. Tends to occur in younger patients
  4. Upper trunk and shoulders, or anywhere
  5. Nodulocystic BCC may develop within superficial BCC
  6. Often multiple
  7. Bleed or ulcerate easily
  8. Upper trunk and shoulders, or

Morphoeic BCC

  1. Skin-coloured, waxy, scar-like
  2. Also known as sclerosing BCC
  3. Prone to recur after treatment
  4. Usually found in mid-facial sites
  5. May infiltrate cutaneous nerves (perineural spread)

Pigmented BCC

  1. Nodular or superficial histology
  2. Brown, blue or greyish lesion
  3. May resemble melanoma

Basisquamous BCC

  1. Mixed BCC (basal cell carcinoma) and SCC (squamous cell carcinoma)
  2. Potentially more aggressive than other forms of BCC


Treatment of Basal Cell Carcinoma :

  • Curettage and Electrodesiccation
  • Cryosurgery
  • Surgery
  • Mohs Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Laser surgery
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