Gonorrhea Causes, Diagnosis, and Symptoms in Men and Women
Cases of gonorrhea was on a decline for the last two decades, but today cases are now increasing as reported in a study published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease. The Center for Disease Control estimated recently that around 700,000 new gonorrhea cases occur every year in the United States. From these cases, it is estimated that about half are reported to the CDC.
Cases of gonorrhea are reported in specific groups at higher rates than other groups. The groups with the highest level of reports of gonorrhea infection include teenagers, young adults, individuals living in the southern states of the US, individuals living in urban areas, African Americans, and drug users.
New strains of gonorrhea are harder to detect and even harder to treat. Once gonorrhea was easily treated with antibiotics, but today, the disease resists treatment and stronger antibiotics are needed. Over five percent of individuals between age 18 and 35 have gonorrhea but are unaware that they are carrying and spreading the disease.
Causes of Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is an infection that is caused by bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. This infection is only transmitted through sexual encounters through vaginal, anal, or oral sexual relations.
Percentage of infection
If a man has sexual intercourse with a woman with gonorrhea, the man has a twenty percent chance of contracting gonorrhea.
If a woman has sexual intercourse with a man with gonorrhea, the woman has a fifty percent chance of contracting gonorrhea.
A pregnant woman can also pass on gonorrhea to her baby during a vaginal birth.
Symptoms of Gonorrhea
Symptoms of Gonorrhea for Women
In most cases, symptoms of gonorrhea normally appear within two to ten days after being exposed to gonorrhea through sexual intercourse. However, women may not notice any symptoms for up to three weeks and in thirty to forty percent of the time, women have no symptoms at all. On the other hand, some women do notice symptoms associated with gonorrhea. These include pelvic inflammatory disease, infection of the cervix, irritation of the cervix, frequent urination, itching of the vagina, burning of the vagina, thick yellow or green discharge, irritation of the vagina, infection of the vagina, and bleeding between cycles.
Symptoms of Gonorrhea for Men
Symptoms usually appear within two to ten days after being exposed to gonorrhea through sexual intercourse. For men the most common symptoms of gonorrhea include pain during urination, burning during urination, thick yellowish discharge in about fifty percent of all men, inflamed testicles duct, infection of the testicles duct, infection of the prostate, and inflammation of the prostate.
Symptoms of Gonorrhea for Newborns If a mother has passed gonorrhea onto her newborn through a vaginal birth, the newborn will have irritation of the mucous membranes in the eyes. If this condition is not treated, the baby can become blind.
Irritation of the mucous membranes in the eyes (if not treated, can cause blindness)
Symptoms of Gonorrhea for Oral Sexual Relations
For those that have had oral sex and came in contact with a person infected with gonorrhea, they can contract what is known as Gonococcal throat infection. The only sign or symptom of Gonococcal throat infection is a sore throat.
Symptoms of Gonorrhea for Anal Sexual Relations
For those that have had anal sex and came in contact with a person infected with gonorrhea, symptoms will include rectal pain and rectal discharge which can be a sign of prostate infection which is transmitted through anal sex.