Hernia is an abnormal protrusion of internal organs
Hernia is definitely an abnormal protrusion of organs with an abnormal opening within the wall from the cavity. A mix of elevated pressure within the body with weakness within the wall accounts for this problem. Within this condition organs or areas of organs are protruded out developing a swelling which will raise the size with coughing and lifting weight, even though passing stool and urine. In laying lower squeeze swelling goes inside with the exception of strangulated and irreducible hernia.
1,Weakness in your body wall:–
a) Hereditary weakness.
b) Acquired weakness because of injuries, wasting of muscles, encouraging lesions within the wall and existence of weak natural openings, weight problems, loss of focus, repeated pregnancy.
c) Surgery with improper suturing or sepsis of operated site.
2) Elevated pressure within the body. a) Chronic constipation.
b) Recurrent cough.
c) Lifting weights.
d) Stricture of urethra.
Common sites for hernia:-
Hernia can happens anywhere in your body. However you will find some common sites for hernia. Because of the existence of hard bony covering chest wall is generally not affected. Hernia within the back can also be rare because of spine and back muscles and hard ligaments and sheets. The most popular site for hernia is abdominal wall .In comparison with other parts the abdominal wall is weak because of the existence of some natural orifices. You will find some areas in which the stomach muscles are less strong and thin and all sorts of these 4 elements make a way for hernia ion. The most popular sites for hernia are following.
a) Inguinal hernia:
Here the abdominal contents protrude with the inguinal canal (passage within the lower abdominal wall just over the inguinal ligament. It’s seen on each side).
This kind is typical that face men. Initially the swelling only comes while pushing and dates back while laying lower. Later the big part of intestine will come out which might not return easily. b) Femoral hernia:
This kind of hernia is much more in women. Here the abdominal contents go through the femoral canal that is seen just beneath the junction between your leg minimizing abdominal wall (Within the femoral triangular).The contents pass downwards and are available out through asthenias opening within the leg and forms a swelling underneath the skin.
c) Umbilical hernia:
This really is common in youngsters. The umbilicus may be the less strong area of the abdomen. The items in the abdomen may protrude like a bulb like swelling while crying and defecating.
d) Cut hernia:
These hernias are observed in operated sites. Because of improper suturing or sepsis the operated site becomes weak leading to hernia. e) Epigastria hernia:
Here the humanization happens within the epigastria. It’s a rare type.
f) Lumbar hernia:
Here the hernia seems within the lumbar area on each side from the lumbar spine (within the lumbar triangular).This is an uncommon type.
g) Obdurate hernia:
This can be a rare kind of hernia. Here the contents go through obdurate foramen within the pelvic bone.
Complications of hernia:-
Strangulation: When the hernia hole is narrow the abdominal contents might not return easily, and then the bloodstream flow towards the herniated tissue might be blocked because of constriction. This could cause dying of protruded intestine.
2) Intestinal obstruction:
This happens once the whole area of the intestine is protruded to the hernia sac. The narrow hernia hole will block the passage of bowels.
3) Infection and peritonitis:
If there’s strangulation with dying of the part of intestine you will see spread of infection towards the abdomen leading to peritonitis.
Management of hernia:-
Within the early stages of hernia the next steps might be helpful
1) Utilization of hernia belt:
Special kinds of hernia devices are for sale to each kind of hernia. This can avoid the protrusion and can reduce discomfort.
2) Constipation, recurrent cough, urinary obstruction act ought to be treated.
3) Body fat reduction will raise the strength of abdominal wall.
4) Abdominal training exercises to improve the tone of muscle.
5) Take lots of leafy veggies, fruits and ” floating ” fibrous diet for simple going number 2.
6) Try others like Homoeopathy, Herbal medicine and act
If no relief through the above steps consult an over-all surgeon for surgical management.
The next procedures are carried out depending on the kind and character of hernia.
1) Hertniotomy Within this operation the items in hernia sac are pressed to the abdomen and neck from the sac is lighted with transfixion ligature and also the sac is stop.
2) Herniorrhaphy: Here together with herniotomy the posterior wall is fixed.
3) Hernioplasty: This operation is performed if herniotomy isn’t feasible because of wide neck from the sac. Here the repair is performed with the aid of non absorbable materials like tantalum gauze, polypropylene mesh or stainless mesh.