Knee Muscles Anatomy, Function And Problems

Tuesday, June 3rd 2014. | Anatomy

Knee Muscles  Anatomy, Function, Problems, diagram

Knee Anatomy is a major weight-bearing joint that is held together by muscles, ligaments, and other important soft tissue.It’s also the most vulnerable because it bears enormous weight and pressure loads while providing flexible movement. 
Bones :
The knee joint is part of the lower extremity. It is the junction of the thigh and the leg, and is a hinge joint. There are 4 bones of Knee:
  • Shin Bone (Tibia) 
  • Thigh Bone (Femur)
  • Kneecap (Patella)
  • Fibula
Cartilage :
There are two cartilage of knee :
  • Articular cartilage  is the smooth, white tissue that covers the ends of bones where they come together to form joints.
  • Menisci sit  is a piece of cartilage found where two bones meet (joint space). Menisci (plural of meniscus) protect and cushion the joint surface and bone ends. 
Tendons :
Tendons connect muscle to knee. Many of the tendons serve to stabilize the knee. There are two major tendons in the knee—the quadriceps and patellar. 
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