is a branch of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve (CN V3), which supplies sensory innervation to the tongue. It is located within the tongue’s bulk, near its sides (specifically below the lateral pterygoid muscle). It also innervates — or provides nerves to — part of the floor of the mouth, allowing for the perception of temperature, pain, and other sensations. The lingual nerve
is part of the mandibular nerve, which innervates a significant part of the human jaw area. Mandibular nerve is the largest of the three branches or divisions of the trigeminal nerve, the fifth cranial nerve.
The lingual nerve
processes different kinds of sensory information. It can, for example, process pain and temperature. It is also involved in the human perception of taste, which is not governed by simple chemical rules except in the case of acids and bases.
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