Male Breast Cancer
Male Breast Cancer occurs mainly in women, but men can get it, too. It is a malignant tumor that starts from cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body.
Types of male breast cancer :
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is considered non-invasive or pre-invasive breast cancer. In DCIS (also known as intraductal carcinoma), cells that lined the ducts have changed to look like cancer cells.
- Infiltrating (or invasive) ductal carcinoma (IDC) – This type of breast cancer breaks through the wall of the duct and grows through the fatty tissue of the breast. At this point, it can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
- Infiltrating (or invasive) lobular carcinoma (ILC) – This type of breast cancer starts in the breast lobules (collections of cells that, in women, produce breast milk) and grows into the fatty tissue of the breast.
- Paget disease of the nipple – This type of breast cancer starts in the breast ducts and spreads to the nipple. It may also spread to the areola (the dark circle around the nipple).
- Inflammatory breast cancer is an aggressive, but rare type of breast cancer. It makes the breast swollen, red, warm and tender rather than forming a lump.
What is the treatment for male breast cancer?
- Chemotherapy refers to the administration of toxic drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells, or even kill some of them. Chemotherapy may be given as pills, as an injection, or via an intravenous infusion, depending upon the types of drugs chosen.
- Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill tumor cells. Radiation therapy may be delivered either externally (using a machine to send radiation toward the tumor)
- Hormonal therapy prevents hormones from stimulating growth of cancer cells and is useful when the cancer cells have binding sites (receptors) for hormones.