Organs And Structures Of Larynx
- Cricoid cartilage is a ring of cartilage enveloped around the trachea. It is a strong connective tissue constituting the dorsal part of the larynx.
- Thyroid cartilage (Adam’s apple) is the largest and uppermost of nine cartilages in the larynx, or voice box. It houses the vocal folds, commonly called the vocal cords.
- Epiglottis is flap of cartilage located in the throat behind the tongue and in front of the larynx. The epiglottis is usually upright at rest allowing air to pass into the larynx and lungs.
- Arytenoid cartilages are a pair of cartilages that act as the rear attachment for the Vocal Folds. They are also connected to the muscles involved in adjusting the approximation, lengthening and tensing of the Folds.
- Corniculate cartilages (cartilages of Santorini)are two small nodules that are made of yellow elastic cartilage. They work together in opening and closing of the glottis and help in the production of sound.
- Cuneiform cartilages is a small rod in the ary-epiglottic fold above the corniculate cartilage that supports the lateral aspects of the epiglottis and the vocal folds.