Skin Fungal Infection
Systemic mycoses, such as histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, blastomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, and sporotrichosis, are caused by primary or â€œpathogenicâ€ fungi that can cause disease in both healthy and immunocompromised individuals. In contrast, mycoses caused by opportunistic fungi such as Candida albicans, Aspergillus spp., Trichosporon, Torulopsis (Candida) glabrata, Fusarium, Alternaria, and Mucor are generally found only in the immunocompromised host. Advances in medical technology, including organ and bone marrow transplantation, cytotoxic chemotherapy, the widespread use of indwelling intravenous (IV) catheters, and the increased use of potent, broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents, have all contributed to the dramatic increase in the incidence of fungal infections worldwide.
Some types of fungus reproduce by sending tiny spores through the air. When these spores land on and grow on the body, they can cause fungal infections. People who have a weakened immune system and those who are taking certain medicines (e.g., antibiotics, corticosteroids) are at increased risk for fungal skin infections.
There are several different types of fungal infections. They are divided into different groups depending on what type of fungus is involved. Some common fungal skin infection are :
- Athlete’s Foot (Tinea Pedis)
- Ringworm (Tinea Corporis)
- Tinea Capitis
- Tinea Versicolor
- Cutaneous Candidiasis