What is The Best Medication for Migraines
Headache is a common complaint with many possible causes. Usually involves tension headaches and migraines.
Migraine occurs in attacks, with almost always headache plus some other signs and symptoms that can occur to varying degrees. There can be of migraine without, or migraine with prior neurological symptoms may exist: those are minutes to several hours lasting disturbances of the brains.
How common is for Migraine?
Because not everyone with Migraine consult a doctor, that is obviously an estimate. It is estimated that about 6 % of men and 15 % of women have migraine attacks, with an average of two attacks per month. Burden Usually, however, the attacks at puberty, sometimes start at a much younger age.
How is Migraine?
How a migraine attack occurs and why some people there often and others only occasionally suffer from is unknown. In any case, hormonal and genetic factors play a role. Other factors that could affect the frequency and intensity of attacks are:
It can not tolerate certain foods as well: wine, chocolates etc.
The headache occurs probably by a combination of factors, such as dilation of blood vessels in the meninges and excitation plus inflammation of nerves around the blood vessels.
What are the symptoms of Migraine?
The patient gets attacks of moderate to severe headache, which hamper the daily activities and can lead to bed rest is necessary. It is usually a one sided, throbbing headache that worsens with physical exertion. The patient is sick, sometimes vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound. Without treatment, the attacks last 4 to 72 hours. In about 15 % of the patients, the attacks are associated with symptoms such as:
- Flickering on one side of the visual field.
- The failure of a part of the field of view
- Tingling or numbness of the hands or mouth.
- Loss of strength of (part of) a body part or speech disorders
A part of the patients with migraine feels an attack often one or a few days before arriving: they are irritable or even depressed, overly active or just apathetic, or strong desire for a certain type of food.
How is it diagnosed?
A lot of diseases go accompanied by headache, such as skull or brain injury, infections, eye or dental abnormalities. But migraine has such typical symptoms that the diagnosis can usually be made on the basis of the story of the patient by the GP. Preventing Migraine in familiekan an extra clue.
With a clear story, no abnormal findings from physical examination, further research is needed. Separately, there is no additional investigation which the diagnosis of migraine is more likely.
The purpose of the treatment is a migraine attack is eliminated as quickly and effectively as possible and to prevent. In the case of recurrent seizures (e.g., more than 2 times per month) such as much as possible The treatment of migraine is largely in the hands of the general practitioner. In difficult to treat migraine referral to a neurologist may be helpful.
Medications for migraine can be divided into two groups:
- Medications that the duration and severity of symptoms decrease with an attack
- Medications that prevent attacks or reduce the number.
In a small proportion of patients may help slightly dietary measures, such as avoiding red wine, aged cheese or chocolate.
What can you do yourself?
The patient may, or may not with a headache diary for themselves, try to find out whether there are risk factors for the migraine attacks, such as:
- A particular way of life
- Dietary factors.
In women, there may be a link with the use of the contraceptive pill, wherein the change of the composition of the Pill, can sometimes be an advantageous effect. Often the attack frequency hardly influence. It is sometimes bit of time before the most appropriate method is found. You should try another agent in consultation with the doctor if a drug does not help.